Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of WikiFormatting


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Timestamp:
Apr 4, 2013, 1:11:26 AM (5 years ago)
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trac
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  • WikiFormatting

    v1 v1  
     1= WikiFormatting =
     2[[TracGuideToc]]
     3
     4Wiki markup is a core feature in Trac, tightly integrating all the other parts of Trac into a flexible and powerful whole.
     5
     6Trac has a built in small and powerful wiki rendering engine. This wiki engine implements an ever growing subset of the commands from other popular Wikis,
     7especially [http://moinmo.in/ MoinMoin] and [trac:WikiCreole].
     8
     9
     10This page will give you an in-depth explanation of the wiki markup available anywhere WikiFormatting is allowed.
     11
     12The ''Cheat sheet'' below gives you a quick overview for the most common syntax, each link in the ''Category'' column will lead you to the more detailed explanation later in this page.
     13
     14A few other wiki pages present the advanced features of the Trac wiki markup in more depth:
     15 - TracLinks covers all the possible ways to refer precisely to any Trac resource or parts thereof,
     16 - WikiPageNames talks about the various names a wiki page can take, CamelCase or not
     17 - WikiMacros lists the macros available for generating dynamic content,
     18 - WikiProcessors and WikiHtml details how parts of the wiki text can be processed in special ways
     19
     20
     21== Cheat sheet ==
     22
     23||= '''Category''' =||= '''Wiki Markup''' =||= '''Display''' =||
     24|-----------------------------------------------------------
     25{{{#!th rowspan=3
     26[#FontStyles Font Styles]
     27}}}
     28|| `'''bold'''`, `''italic''`, `'''''Wikipedia style'''''` || \
     29|| '''bold''', ''italic'', '''''Wikipedia style''''' ||
     30|| {{{`monospaced (''other markup ignored'')`}}} || \
     31|| `monospaced (''other markup ignored'')` ||
     32|| `**bold**`, `//italic//`, `**//!WikiCreole style//**` || \
     33|| **bold**, //italic//, **//!WikiCreole style//** ||
     34|-----------------------------------------------------------
     35||= [#Headings Headings] =||\
     36{{{#!td
     37 {{{
     38 == Level 2 ==
     39 === Level 3 ^([#hn note])^
     40 }}}
     41}}}
     42{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     43== Level 2 ==
     44=== Level 3 ^([#hn note])^
     45}}}
     46|-----------------------------------------------------------
     47||= [#Paragraphs Paragraphs]  =||\
     48{{{#!td
     49 {{{
     50 First paragraph
     51 on multiple lines.
     52
     53 Second paragraph.
     54 }}}
     55}}}
     56{{{#!td
     57First paragraph
     58on multiple lines.
     59
     60Second paragraph.
     61}}}
     62|-----------------------------------------------------------
     63||= [#Lists Lists] =||\
     64{{{#!td
     65 {{{
     66 * bullets list
     67   on multiple lines
     68   1. nested list
     69     a. different numbering
     70        styles
     71 }}}
     72}}}
     73{{{#!td
     74* bullets list
     75  on multiple lines
     76  1. nested list
     77    a. different numbering
     78       styles
     79}}}
     80|-----------------------------------------------------------
     81{{{#!th
     82[#DefinitionLists Definition Lists]
     83}}}
     84{{{#!td
     85 {{{
     86  term:: definition on
     87         multiple lines
     88 }}}
     89}}}
     90{{{#!td
     91 term:: definition on
     92        multiple lines
     93}}}
     94|-----------------------------------------------------------
     95||= [#PreformattedText Preformatted Text] =||\
     96{{{#!td
     97 {{{
     98 {{{
     99 multiple lines, ''no wiki''
     100       white space respected
     101 }}}
     102 }}}
     103}}}
     104{{{#!td
     105 {{{
     106 multiple lines, ''no wiki''
     107       white space respected
     108 }}}
     109}}}
     110|-----------------------------------------------------------
     111||= [#Blockquotes Blockquotes] =||\
     112{{{#!td
     113 {{{
     114   if there's some leading
     115   space the text is quoted
     116 }}}
     117}}}
     118{{{#!td
     119 if there's some leading
     120 space the text is quoted
     121}}}
     122|-----------------------------------------------------------
     123||= [#DiscussionCitations Discussion Citations] =||\
     124{{{#!td
     125 {{{
     126 >> ... (I said)
     127 > (he replied)
     128 }}}
     129}}}
     130{{{#!td
     131>>... (I said)
     132> (he replied)
     133}}}
     134|-----------------------------------------------------------
     135||= [#Tables Tables] =||\
     136{{{#!td
     137 {{{
     138 ||= Table Header =|| Cell ||
     139 ||||  (details below)  ||
     140 }}}
     141}}}
     142{{{#!td
     143||= Table Header =|| Cell ||
     144||||  (details below)  ||
     145}}}
     146|-----------------------------------------------------------
     147{{{#!th rowspan=2
     148[#Links Links]
     149}}}
     150|| `http://trac.edgewall.org` ||\
     151|| http://trac.edgewall.org ||
     152|| `WikiFormatting (CamelCase)` ||\
     153|| WikiFormatting (CamelCase) ||
     154|-----------------------------------------------------------
     155{{{#!th rowspan=5
     156[#TracLinks TracLinks]
     157}}}
     158|| `wiki:WikiFormatting`, `wiki:"WikiFormatting"` ||\
     159|| wiki:WikiFormatting, wiki:"WikiFormatting" ||
     160|| `#1 (ticket)`, `[1] (changeset)`, `{1} (report)` ||\
     161|| #1 (ticket), [1] (changeset), {1} (report) ||
     162|| `ticket:1, ticket:1#comment:1` ||\
     163|| ticket:1, ticket:1#comment:1 ||
     164|| `Ticket [ticket:1]`, `[ticket:1 ticket one]` ||\
     165|| Ticket [ticket:1], [ticket:1 ticket one] ||
     166|| `Ticket [[ticket:1]]`, `[[ticket:1|ticket one]]` ||\
     167|| Ticket [[ticket:1]], [[ticket:1|ticket one]] ||
     168|-----------------------------------------------------------
     169{{{#!th rowspan=2
     170[#SettingAnchors Setting Anchors]
     171}}}
     172|| `[=#point1 (1)] First...` ||\
     173|| [=#point1 (1)] First... ||
     174|| `see [#point1 (1)]` ||\
     175|| see [#point1 (1)] ||
     176|-----------------------------------------------------------
     177{{{#!th rowspan=3
     178[#Escaping Escaping Markup]
     179}}}
     180|| `!'' doubled quotes` ||\
     181|| !'' doubled quotes ||
     182|| `!wiki:WikiFormatting`, `!WikiFormatting` ||\
     183|| !wiki:WikiFormatting, !WikiFormatting ||
     184|| {{{`}}}`{{{-}}}`{{{`}}}` triple curly brackets` ||\
     185|| `{{{-}}}` triple curly brackets ||
     186|-----------------------------------------------------------
     187||= [#Images Images] =|| `[[Image(`''link''`)]]` || [[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]] ||
     188|-----------------------------------------------------------
     189{{{#!th rowspan=2
     190[#Macros Macros]
     191}}}
     192|| `[[MacroList(*)]]` ||  ''(short list of all available macros)''  ||
     193|| `[[Image?]]` ||  ''(help for the Image macro)''  ||
     194|-----------------------------------------------------------
     195||= [#Processors Processors] =||\
     196{{{#!td
     197 {{{
     198 {{{
     199 #!div style="font-size: 80%"
     200 Code highlighting:
     201   {{{#!python
     202   hello = lambda: "world"
     203   }}}
     204 }}}
     205 }}}
     206}}}
     207{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     208 {{{
     209 #!div style="font-size: 80%"
     210 Code highlighting:
     211   {{{#!python
     212   hello = lambda: "world"
     213   }}}
     214 }}}
     215}}}
     216|-----------------------------------------------------------
     217||= [#Comments Comments] =||\
     218{{{#!td
     219 {{{
     220 {{{#!comment
     221 Note to Editors: ...
     222 }}}
     223 }}}
     224}}}
     225{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     226 {{{#!comment
     227 Note to Editors: ...
     228 }}}
     229}}}
     230|-----------------------------------------------------------
     231||= [#Miscellaneous Miscellaneous] =||\
     232{{{#!td
     233 {{{
     234 Line [[br]] break
     235 Line \\ break
     236 ----
     237 }}}
     238}}}
     239{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     240Line [[br]] break
     241Line \\ break
     242----
     243}}}
     244
     245
     246== Font Styles ==
     247
     248The Trac wiki supports the following font styles:
     249||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     250{{{#!td
     251  {{{
     252   * '''bold''',
     253     ''' triple quotes !'''
     254     can be bold too if prefixed by ! ''',
     255   * ''italic''
     256   * '''''bold italic''''' or ''italic and
     257     ''' italic bold ''' ''
     258   * __underline__
     259   * {{{monospace}}} or `monospace`
     260     (hence `{{{` or {{{`}}} quoting)
     261   * ~~strike-through~~
     262   * ^superscript^
     263   * ,,subscript,,
     264   * **also bold**, //italic as well//,
     265     and **'' bold italic **'' //(since 0.12)//
     266  }}}
     267}}}
     268{{{#!td
     269 * '''bold''',
     270   ''' triple quotes !'''
     271   can be bold too if prefixed by ! ''',
     272 * ''italic''
     273 * '''''bold italic''''' or ''italic and
     274   ''' italic bold ''' ''
     275 * __underline__
     276 * {{{monospace}}} or `monospace`
     277   (hence `{{{` or {{{`}}} quoting)
     278 * ~~strike-through~~
     279 * ^superscript^
     280 * ,,subscript,,
     281 * **also bold**, //italic as well//,
     282   and **'' bold italic **'' //(since 0.12)//
     283}}}
     284
     285Notes:
     286 * `{{{...}}}` and {{{`...`}}} commands not only select a monospace font, but also treat their content as verbatim text, meaning that no further wiki processing is done on this text.
     287 * {{{ ! }}} tells wiki parser to not take the following characters as wiki format, so pay attention to put a space after !, e.g. when ending bold.
     288 * all the font styles marks have to be used in opening/closing pairs,
     289   and they must nest properly (in particular, an `''` italic can't be paired
     290   with a `//` one, and `'''` can't be paired with `**`)
     291
     292
     293== Headings ==
     294
     295You can create heading by starting a line with one up to six ''equal'' characters ("=")
     296followed by a single space and the headline text.
     297
     298[=#hn]
     299The headline text can be followed by the same number of "=" characters, but this is no longer mandatory.
     300
     301Finally, the heading might optionally be followed by an explicit id. If not, an implicit but nevertheless readable id will be generated.
     302
     303||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     304{{{#!td
     305  {{{
     306  = Heading =
     307  == Subheading
     308  === About ''this'' ===
     309  === Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
     310  == Subheading #sub2
     311}}}
     312}}}
     313{{{#!td style="padding: 1em;"
     314  {{{
     315  #!div
     316  = Heading =
     317  == Subheading
     318  === About ''this'' ===
     319  === Explicit id === #using-explicit-id-in-heading
     320  == Subheading #sub2
     321  }}}
     322}}}
     323
     324== Paragraphs ==
     325
     326A new text paragraph is created whenever two blocks of text are separated by one or more empty lines.
     327
     328A forced line break can also be inserted, using:
     329||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     330{{{#!td
     331  {{{
     332  Line 1[[BR]]Line 2
     333  }}}
     334  {{{
     335  Paragraph
     336  one
     337
     338  Paragraph
     339  two
     340  }}}
     341}}}
     342{{{#!td
     343  Line 1[[BR]]Line 2
     344
     345  Paragraph
     346  one
     347
     348  Paragraph
     349  two
     350}}}
     351
     352== Lists ==
     353
     354The wiki supports both ordered/numbered and unordered lists.
     355
     356Example:
     357||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     358{{{#!td
     359  {{{
     360   * Item 1
     361     * Item 1.1
     362        * Item 1.1.1   
     363        * Item 1.1.2
     364        * Item 1.1.3
     365     * Item 1.2
     366   * Item 2
     367  - items can start at the beginning of a line
     368    and they can span multiple lines
     369    - be careful though to continue the line
     370    with the appropriate indentation, otherwise
     371  that will start a new paragraph...
     372 
     373   1. Item 1
     374     a. Item 1.a
     375     a. Item 1.b
     376        i. Item 1.b.i
     377        i. Item 1.b.ii
     378   1. Item 2
     379  And numbered lists can also be restarted
     380  with an explicit number:
     381   3. Item 3
     382  }}}
     383}}}
     384{{{#!td
     385 * Item 1
     386   * Item 1.1
     387      * Item 1.1.1   
     388      * Item 1.1.2
     389      * Item 1.1.3
     390   * Item 1.2
     391 * Item 2
     392- items can start at the beginning of a line
     393  and they can span multiple lines
     394  - be careful though to continue the line
     395  with the appropriate indentation, otherwise
     396that will start a new paragraph...
     397
     398 1. Item 1
     399   a. Item 1.a
     400   a. Item 1.b
     401      i. Item 1.b.i
     402      i. Item 1.b.ii
     403 1. Item 2
     404And numbered lists can also be restarted with an explicit number:
     405 3. Item 3
     406}}}
     407
     408
     409== Definition Lists ==
     410
     411The wiki also supports definition lists.
     412
     413||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     414{{{#!td
     415  {{{
     416   llama::
     417     some kind of mammal, with hair
     418   ppython::
     419     some kind of reptile, without hair
     420     (can you spot the typo?)
     421  }}}
     422}}}
     423{{{#!td
     424 llama::
     425   some kind of mammal, with hair
     426 ppython::
     427   some kind of reptile, without hair
     428   (can you spot the typo?)
     429}}}
     430
     431Note that you need a space in front of the defined term.
     432
     433
     434== Preformatted Text ==
     435
     436Block containing preformatted text are suitable for source code snippets, notes and examples. Use three ''curly braces'' wrapped around the text to define a block quote. The curly braces need to be on a separate line.
     437 
     438||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     439{{{#!td
     440  {{{
     441  {{{
     442  def HelloWorld():
     443      print '''Hello World'''
     444  }}}
     445  }}}
     446}}}
     447{{{#!td
     448  {{{
     449  def HelloWorld():
     450      print '''Hello World'''
     451  }}}
     452}}}
     453
     454Note that this kind of block is also used for selecting lines that should be processed through WikiProcessors.
     455
     456== Blockquotes ==
     457
     458In order to mark a paragraph as blockquote, indent that paragraph with two spaces.
     459
     460||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     461{{{#!td
     462{{{
     463Paragraph
     464  This text is a quote from someone else.
     465}}}
     466}}}
     467{{{#!td
     468Paragraph
     469  This text is a quote from someone else.
     470}}}
     471
     472== Discussion Citations ==
     473
     474To delineate a citation in an ongoing discussion thread, such as the ticket comment area, e-mail-like citation marks (">", ">>", etc.) may be used. 
     475
     476||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     477{{{#!td
     478  {{{
     479  >> Someone's original text
     480  > Someone else's reply text
     481  >  - which can be any kind of Wiki markup
     482  My reply text
     483  }}}
     484}}}
     485{{{#!td
     486>> Someone's original text
     487> Someone else's reply text
     488>  - which can be any kind of Wiki markup
     489My reply text
     490}}}
     491
     492
     493== Tables ==
     494=== Simple Tables ===
     495Simple tables can be created like this:
     496||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     497{{{#!td
     498  {{{
     499  ||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3||
     500  ||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6||
     501  }}}
     502}}}
     503{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     504||Cell 1||Cell 2||Cell 3||
     505||Cell 4||Cell 5||Cell 6||
     506}}}
     507
     508Cell headings can be specified by wrapping the content in a pair of '=' characters.
     509Note that the '=' characters have to stick to the cell separators, like this:
     510||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     511{{{#!td
     512  {{{
     513  ||        ||= stable =||= latest =||
     514  ||= 0.10 =||  0.10.5  || 0.10.6dev||
     515  ||= 0.11 =||  0.11.6  || 0.11.7dev||
     516  }}}
     517}}}
     518{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     519||        ||= stable =||= latest =||
     520||= 0.10 =||  0.10.5  || 0.10.6dev||
     521||= 0.11 =||  0.11.6  || 0.11.7dev||
     522}}}
     523
     524Finally, specifying an empty cell means that the next non empty cell will span the empty cells. For example:
     525||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     526{{{#!td
     527  {{{
     528  || 1 || 2 || 3 ||
     529  |||| 1-2 || 3 ||
     530  || 1 |||| 2-3 ||
     531  |||||| 1-2-3 ||
     532  }}}
     533}}}
     534{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     535|| 1 || 2 || 3 ||
     536|||| 1-2 || 3 ||
     537|| 1 |||| 2-3 ||
     538|||||| 1-2-3 ||
     539}}}
     540
     541Note that if the content of a cell "sticks" to one side of the cell and only one, then the text will be aligned on that side. Example:
     542||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     543{{{#!td
     544  {{{
     545  ||=Text =||= Numbers =||
     546  ||left align    ||        1.0||
     547  ||  center      ||        4.5||
     548  ||      right align||     4.5||
     549  || default alignment ||   2.5||
     550  ||default||         2.5||
     551  ||  default ||      2.5||
     552  || default ||       2.5||
     553  }}}
     554}}}
     555{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     556||=Text =||= Numbers =||
     557||left align    ||        1.0||
     558||  center      ||        4.5||
     559||      right align||     4.5||
     560|| default alignment ||   2.5||
     561||default||         2.5||
     562||  default ||      2.5||
     563|| default ||       2.5||
     564}}}
     565
     566If contrary to the example above, the cells in your table contain more text, it might be convenient to spread a table row over multiple lines of markup. The `\` character placed at the end of a line after a cell separator tells Trac to not start a new row for the cells on the next line.
     567
     568||= Wiki Markup =||
     569{{{#!td
     570  {{{
     571  || this is column 1 [http://trac.edgewall.org/newticket new ticket] || \
     572  || this is column 2 [http://trac.edgewall.org/roadmap the road ahead] || \
     573  || that's column 3 and last one ||
     574  }}}
     575}}}
     576|-------------
     577||= Display =||
     578{{{#!td style="padding: 2em;"
     579|| this is column 1 [http://trac.edgewall.org/newticket new ticket] || \
     580|| this is column 2 [http://trac.edgewall.org/roadmap the road ahead] || \
     581|| that's column 3 and last one ||
     582}}}
     583
     584=== Complex Tables ===
     585
     586If the possibilities offered by the simple "pipe"-based markup for tables described above are not enough for your needs, you can create more elaborated tables by using [#Processors-example-tables WikiProcessor based tables].
     587
     588
     589== Links ==
     590
     591Hyperlinks are automatically created for WikiPageNames and URLs. !WikiPageLinks can be disabled by prepending an exclamation mark "!" character, such as {{{!WikiPageLink}}}.
     592
     593||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     594{{{#!td
     595  {{{
     596  TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/, !NotAlink
     597  }}}
     598}}}
     599{{{#!td
     600TitleIndex, http://www.edgewall.com/, !NotAlink
     601}}}
     602
     603Links can be given a more descriptive title by writing the link followed by a space and a title and all this inside square brackets.
     604If the descriptive title is omitted, then the explicit prefix is discarded, unless the link is an external link. This can be useful for wiki pages not adhering to the WikiPageNames convention.
     605
     606||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     607{{{#!td
     608  {{{
     609   * [http://www.edgewall.com Edgewall Software]
     610   * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
     611   * [wiki:TitleIndex]
     612   * [wiki:ISO9000]
     613  }}}
     614}}}
     615{{{#!td
     616   * [http://www.edgewall.com Edgewall Software]
     617   * [wiki:TitleIndex Title Index]
     618   * [wiki:TitleIndex]
     619   * [wiki:ISO9000]
     620}}}
     621
     622Following the [trac:WikiCreole] trend, the descriptive title can also be specified by writing the link followed by a pipe ('|') and a title and all this inside //double// square brackets.
     623
     624{{{#!td
     625  {{{
     626   * [[http://www.edgewall.com|Edgewall Software]]
     627   * [[wiki:TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     628     or even [[TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     629   * [[wiki:TitleIndex]]
     630     ''' but not ![[TitleIndex]]! '''
     631   * [[ISO9000]]
     632  }}}
     633}}}
     634{{{#!td
     635   * [[http://www.edgewall.com|Edgewall Software]]
     636   * [[wiki:TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     637     or even [[TitleIndex|Title Index]]
     638   * [[wiki:TitleIndex]]
     639     ''' but not ![[TitleIndex]]! '''
     640   * [[ISO9000]]
     641}}}
     642
     643'''Note''': the [trac:WikiCreole] style for links is quick to type and
     644certainly looks familiar as it's the one used on Wikipedia and in many
     645other wikis. Unfortunately it conflicts with the syntax for [#Macros macros].
     646So in the rare case when you need to refer to a page which is named after
     647a macro (typical examples being TitleIndex, InterTrac and InterWiki),
     648by writing `[[TitleIndex]]` you will actually call the macro instead of linking
     649to the page.
     650
     651== Trac Links ==
     652
     653Wiki pages can link directly to other parts of the Trac system. Pages can refer to tickets, reports, changesets, milestones, source files and other Wiki pages using the following notations:
     654
     655||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     656{{{#!td
     657  {{{
     658   * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1
     659   * Reports: {1} or report:1
     660   * Changesets: r1, [1] or changeset:1
     661   * ...
     662   * targeting other Trac instances,
     663     so called InterTrac links:
     664     - Tickets: #Trac1 or Trac:ticket:1
     665     - Changesets: [Trac1] or Trac:changeset:1
     666  }}}
     667}}}
     668{{{#!td
     669 * Tickets: #1 or ticket:1
     670 * Reports: {1} or report:1
     671 * Changesets: r1, [1] or changeset:1
     672 * ...
     673 * targeting other Trac instances,
     674   so called InterTrac links:
     675   - Tickets: #Trac1 or Trac:ticket:1
     676   - Changesets: [Trac1] or Trac:changeset:1
     677}}}
     678
     679There are many more flavors of Trac links, see TracLinks for more in-depth information and a reference for all the default link resolvers.
     680
     681
     682== Setting Anchors ==
     683
     684An anchor, or more correctly speaking, an [http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/struct/links.html#h-12.2.1 anchor name] can be added explicitly at any place in the Wiki page, in order to uniquely identify a position in the document:
     685
     686{{{
     687[=#point1]
     688}}}
     689
     690This syntax was chosen to match the format for explicitly naming the header id [#Headings documented above]. For example:
     691{{{
     692== Long title == #title
     693}}}
     694
     695It's also very close to the syntax for the corresponding link to that anchor:
     696{{{
     697[#point1]
     698}}}
     699
     700Optionally, a label can be given to the anchor:
     701{{{
     702[[=#point1 '''Point 1''']]
     703}}}
     704
     705||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     706|----------------------------------
     707{{{#!td
     708  {{{
     709  [#point2 jump to the second point]
     710
     711  ...
     712
     713  Point2:  [=#point2] Jump here
     714  }}}
     715}}}
     716{{{#!td
     717  [#point2 jump to the second point]
     718
     719  ...
     720
     721  Point2:  [=#point2] Jump here
     722}}}
     723
     724For more complex anchors (e.g. when a custom title is wanted), one can use the Span macro, e.g. `[[span(id=point2, class=wikianchor, title=Point 2, ^(2)^)]]`.
     725
     726
     727== Escaping Links, WikiPageNames and other Markup == #Escaping
     728
     729You may avoid making hyperlinks out of TracLinks by preceding an expression with a single "!" (exclamation mark).
     730
     731||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     732{{{#!td
     733  {{{
     734   !NoHyperLink
     735   !#42 is not a link
     736  }}}
     737  {{{
     738Various forms of escaping for list markup:
     739 `-` escaped minus sign \\
     740 ``1. escaped number  \\
     741 {{{*}}} escaped asterisk sign
     742  }}}
     743}}}
     744{{{#!td
     745 !NoHyperLink
     746 !#42 is not a link
     747
     748Various forms of escaping for list markup:
     749 `-` escaped minus sign \\
     750 ``1. escaped number  \\
     751 {{{*}}} escaped asterisk sign
     752}}}
     753
     754== Images ==
     755
     756Urls ending with `.png`, `.gif` or `.jpg` are no longer automatically interpreted as image links, and converted to `<img>` tags.
     757
     758You now have to use the ![[Image]] macro. The simplest way to include an image is to upload it as attachment to the current page, and put the filename in a macro call like `[[Image(picture.gif)]]`.
     759
     760In addition to the current page, it is possible to refer to other resources:
     761 * `[[Image(wiki:WikiFormatting:picture.gif)]]` (referring to attachment on another page)
     762 * `[[Image(ticket:1:picture.gif)]]` (file attached to a ticket)
     763 * `[[Image(htdocs:picture.gif)]]` (referring to a file inside the [TracEnvironment environment] `htdocs` directory)
     764 * `[[Image(source:/trunk/trac/htdocs/trac_logo_mini.png)]]` (a file in repository)
     765
     766||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     767{{{#!td
     768  {{{
     769  [[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]]
     770  }}}
     771}}}
     772{{{#!td
     773[[Image(htdocs:../common/trac_logo_mini.png)]]
     774}}}
     775
     776See WikiMacros for further documentation on the `[[Image()]]` macro, which has several useful options (`title=`, `link=`, etc.)
     777
     778
     779== Macros ==
     780
     781Macros are ''custom functions'' to insert dynamic content in a page.
     782
     783||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     784{{{#!td
     785  {{{
     786  [[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]]
     787  }}}
     788}}}
     789{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     790[[RecentChanges(Trac,3)]]
     791}}}
     792
     793See WikiMacros for more information, and a list of installed macros.
     794
     795The detailed help for a specific macro can also be obtained more directly by appending a "?" to the macro name.
     796
     797||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     798{{{#!td
     799  {{{
     800  [[MacroList?]]
     801  }}}
     802}}}
     803{{{#!td style="padding-left: 2em"
     804[[MacroList?]]
     805}}}
     806
     807
     808== Processors ==
     809
     810Trac supports alternative markup formats using WikiProcessors. For example, processors are used to write pages in
     811[wiki:WikiRestructuredText reStructuredText] or [wiki:WikiHtml HTML].
     812
     813||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     814|--------------------------------------------------------
     815{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%"
     816
     817   [=#Processors-example-html Example 1:] HTML
     818
     819}}}
     820|--------------------------------------------------------
     821{{{#!td style="border: 0px"
     822  {{{
     823  {{{
     824  #!html
     825  <h1 style="text-align: right; color: blue">
     826   HTML Test
     827  </h1>
     828  }}}
     829  }}}
     830}}}
     831{{{#!td valign="top"  style="border: 0px"
     832
     833{{{
     834#!html
     835<h1 style="text-align: right; color: blue">HTML Test</h1>
     836}}}
     837
     838}}}
     839|--------------------------------------------------------
     840{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%"
     841
     842   [=#Processors-example-highlight Example 2:] Code Highlighting
     843
     844}}}
     845|--------------------------------------------------------
     846{{{#!td style="border: 0px"
     847  {{{
     848  {{{
     849  #!python
     850  class Test:
     851 
     852      def __init__(self):
     853          print "Hello World"
     854  if __name__ == '__main__':
     855     Test()
     856  }}}
     857  }}}
     858}}}
     859{{{
     860#!td valign="top"  style="border: 0px"
     861
     862{{{
     863#!python
     864class Test:
     865    def __init__(self):
     866        print "Hello World"
     867if __name__ == '__main__':
     868   Test()
     869}}}
     870
     871}}}
     872|--------------------------------------------------------
     873{{{#!td align="center" colspan=2 style="border: 0px; font-size: 90%"
     874
     875       [=#Processors-example-tables Example 3:] Complex Tables
     876
     877}}}
     878|--------------------------------------------------------
     879{{{#!td style="border: 0px"
     880  {{{
     881  {{{#!th rowspan=4 align=justify
     882  With the `#td` and `#th` processors,
     883  table cells can contain any content:
     884  }}}
     885  |----------------
     886  {{{#!td
     887    - lists
     888    - embedded tables
     889    - simple multiline content
     890  }}}
     891  |----------------
     892  {{{#!td
     893  As processors can be easily nested,
     894  so can be tables:
     895    {{{#!th
     896    Example:
     897    }}}
     898    {{{#!td style="background: #eef"
     899    || must be at the third level now... ||
     900    }}}
     901  }}}
     902  |----------------
     903  {{{#!td
     904  Even when you don't have complex markup,
     905  this form of table cells can be convenient
     906  to write content on multiple lines.
     907  }}}
     908  }}}
     909}}}
     910{{{
     911#!td  valign="top"  style="border: 0px"
     912
     913  {{{#!th rowspan=4 align=justify
     914  With the `#td` and `#th` processors,
     915  table cells can contain any content:
     916  }}}
     917  |----------------
     918  {{{#!td
     919    - lists
     920    - embedded tables
     921    - simple multiline content
     922  }}}
     923  |----------------
     924  {{{#!td
     925  As processors can be easily nested,
     926  so can be tables:
     927    {{{#!th
     928    Example:
     929    }}}
     930    {{{#!td style="background: #eef"
     931    || must be at the third level now... ||
     932    }}}
     933  }}}
     934  |----------------
     935  {{{#!td
     936  Even when you don't have complex markup,
     937  this form of table cells can be convenient
     938  to write content on multiple lines.
     939  }}}
     940
     941}}}
     942
     943See WikiProcessors for more information.
     944
     945
     946== Comments ==
     947
     948Comments can be added to the plain text. These will not be rendered and will not display in any other format than plain text.
     949
     950||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     951{{{#!td
     952  {{{
     953  Nothing to
     954  {{{
     955  #!comment
     956  Your comment for editors here
     957  }}}
     958  see ;-)
     959  }}}
     960}}}
     961{{{#!td
     962  Nothing to
     963  {{{
     964  #!comment
     965  Your comment for editors here
     966  }}}
     967  see ;-)
     968}}}
     969
     970== Miscellaneous ==
     971
     972An horizontal line can be used to separated different parts of your page:
     973
     974||= Wiki Markup =||= Display =||
     975{{{#!td
     976  {{{
     977  Four or more dashes will be replaced
     978  by an horizontal line (<HR>)
     979  ----
     980  See?
     981  }}}
     982}}}
     983{{{#!td
     984Four or more dashes will be replaced
     985by an horizontal line (<HR>)
     986----
     987See?
     988}}}
     989|----------------------------------
     990{{{#!td
     991  {{{
     992  "macro" style [[br]] line break
     993  }}}
     994}}}
     995{{{#!td
     996"macro" style [[br]] line break
     997}}}
     998|----------------------------------
     999{{{#!td
     1000  {{{
     1001  !WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
     1002  }}}
     1003}}}
     1004{{{#!td
     1005!WikiCreole style \\ line\\break
     1006}}}
     1007